Europe, 1450 to 1789 : encyclopedia of the early modern world / ed. Jonathan Dewald
电子图书 | Thomson/Gale | 2004

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载体形态
1 online resource.
丛编
Gale virtual reference library
Gale virtual reference library.
附注
Title from opening screen.
书目
Includes bibliographical references and index.
内容
v. 1 Using the Encyclopedia -- Preface -- Introduction the Early Modern Period -- Maps of Europe, 1453 to 1795 -- List of Maps -- Common Abbreviations Used in This Work -- Chronology -- Half Title Page -- Absolutism -- Academies, Learned -- Academies of Art -- Accounting and Bookkeeping -- Acoustics -- Addison, Joseph (1672-1719) -- Advice and Etiquette Books -- Africa -- North Africa -- Sub-Saharan Africa -- Agriculture -- Alba, Fernando Álvarez De Toledo, Duke of (Also Alva; 1507-1582) -- Alchemy -- Aldrovandi, Ulisse (1522-1605) -- Alembert, Jean Le Rond D' (1717-1783) -- Alexis I (Russia) (1629-1676; Ruled 1645-1676) -- American Independence, War of (1775-1783) -- Amsterdam -- Anabaptism -- Anatomy and Physiology -- Ancien Régime -- Ancient World -- Ancients and Moderns -- Andrusovo, Truce of (1667) -- Anglo-Dutch Naval Wars -- Anguissola, Sofonisba (c. 1532-1625) -- Anna (Russia) (1693-1740, Ruled 1730-1740) -- Anne (England) (1665-1714; Ruled 1702-1714) -- Anne of Austria (1601-1666) -- Anne of Brittany (1477-1514; Ruled 1491-1498, 1499-1514) -- Anticlericalism -- Antwerp -- Apocalypticism -- Apothecaries -- Archaeology -- Architecture -- Arctic and Antarctic -- Aristocracy and Gentry -- Aristotelianism -- Armada, Spanish -- Arnauld Family -- Art -- Art Exhibitions -- The Art Market and Collecting -- Art Theory, Criticism, and Historiography -- Artistic Patronage -- The Conception and Status of the Artist -- Artisans -- Asam Family -- Asia -- Assassination -- Astrology -- Astronomy -- Atheism -- Atlantic Ocean -- Augsburg -- Augsburg, Religious Peace of (1555) -- Augustus II the Strong (Saxony and Poland) (1670-1733) -- Austria -- Austrian Succession, War of the (1740-1748) -- Austro-Ottoman Wars -- Authority, Concept of -- Autocracy -- Avvakum Petrovich (1620-1682) -- Bach Family -- Bacon, Francis (1561-1626) -- Balkans -- Balloons -- Baltic and North Seas -- Baltic Nations -- Banditry -- Banking and Credit -- Bankruptcy -- Barcelona -- Barometer -- Baroque -- Basque Country -- Bassi, Laura (1711-1778) -- Bavaria -- Baxter, Richard (1615-1691) -- Bayle, Pierre (1647-1706) -- Beaumont, Francis (1584/5-1616) and John Fletcher (1579-1625) -- Beccaria, Cesare Bonesana, Marquis of (1738-1794) -- Behn, Aphra (c. 1640-1689) -- Belarus -- Bellarmine, Robert (1542-1621) -- Benedict XIV (Pope) (1675-1758; Reigned 1740-1758) -- Berkeley, George (1685-1753) -- Berlin -- Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598-1680) -- Bérulle, Pierre De (1575-1629) -- Bèze, Théodore (Théodore Beza; 1516-1605) -- Bible -- Interpretation -- Translations and Editions -- Biography and Autobiography -- Biology -- Black Sea Steppe -- Bodin, Jean (1529/30-1596) -- Boehme, Jacob (1575-1624) -- Boerhaave, Herman (1668-1738) -- Bohemia -- Boileau-Despréaux, Nicolas (1636-1711) -- Bordeaux -- Boris Godunov (Russia) (c. 1551-1605; Ruled 1598-1605) -- Borromeo, Carlo (1538-1584) -- Borromini, Francesco (Francesco Castelli; 1599-1667) -- Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne (1627-1704) -- Boston -- Boswell, James (1740-1795) -- Botany -- Boucher, Franc̦ois (1703-1770) -- Bourbon Dynasty (France) -- Bourbon Dynasty (Spain) -- Bourgeoisie -- Boyle, Robert (1627-1691) -- Brahe, Tycho (1546-1601) -- Brandenburg -- Brant, Sebastian (1457-1521) -- Britain, Architecture in -- Britain, Art in -- British Colonies -- The Caribbean -- India -- North America -- Brittany -- Browne, Thomas (1605-1682) -- Bruegel Family -- Bruno, Giordano (1548-1600) -- Budapest -- Budé, Guillaume (1468-1540) -- Buenos Aires -- Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc (1707-1788) -- Bullinger, Heinrich (1504-1575) -- Bunyan, John (1628-1688) -- Burgundy -- Burke, Edmund (1729-1797) -- Burney, Frances (Mme. D'Arblay; 1752-1840) -- Buxtehude, Dieterich (Also Spelled "Dietrich"; c. 1637-1707) -- Cabala -- Cádiz -- Calderón De La Barca, Pedro -- Calendar -- Callot, Jacques -- Calvin, John -- Calvinism -- Cambrai, League of (1508) -- Cambridge Platonists -- Camera Obscura -- Camisard Revolt -- Camões, Luís Vaz De -- Canova, Antonio -- Capitalism -- Caravaggio and Caravaggism -- Caricature and Cartoon -- Carnival -- Carracci Family -- Carriera, Rosalba -- Cartesianism -- Cartography and Geography -- Casanova, Giacomo Girolamo -- Castiglione, Baldassare (1478-1529) -- Catalonia -- Catalonia, Revolt of (1640-1652) -- Cateau-Cambrésis (1559) -- Catherine II (Russia) (1729-1796; Ruled 1762-1796) -- Catherine De Médicis (1519-1589) -- Catholic League (France) -- Catholic Spirituality and Mysticism -- Catholicism -- Cavendish, Margaret (1623-1673) -- Caxton, William (c. 1422-1491) -- Cecil Family -- Cellini, Benvenuto (1500-1571) -- Censorship -- Census -- Central Europe, Art in -- Ceramics, Pottery, and Porcelain -- Cervantes, Miguel De (Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra; 1547-1616) -- Chardin, Jean-Baptistesiméon (1699-1779) -- Charity and Poor Relief -- Charles I (England) (1600-1649; Ruled 1625-1649) -- Charles II (England) (1630-1685; Ruled 1660-1685) -- Charles VIII (France) (1470-1498, Ruled 1483-1498) -- Charles V (Holy Roman Empire) (1500-1558; Holy Roman Emperor, 1519-1556; King of Spain as Charles I, 1516-1556) -- Charles VI (Holy Roman Empire) (1685-1740; Ruled 1711-1740) -- Charles II (Spain) (1661-1700) -- Charles III (Spain) (1716-1788; Ruled 1759-1788) -- Charles X Gustav (Sweden) (1622-1660; Ruled 1654-1660) -- Charles XII (Sweden) (1682-1718; Ruled 1697-1718) -- Charles the Bold (Burgundy) (1433-1477) -- Charleston -- Charleton, Walter (1620-1707) -- Chemistry -- Childhood and Childrearing -- Christina (Sweden) (1626-1689; Ruled 1632-1654) -- Chronometer -- Church and State Relations -- Church of England -- Churchill, John, Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722) -- Cisneros, Cardinal Francisco Jiménez De (1436-1517) -- Cities and Urban Life -- Citizenship -- City Planning -- City-State -- Class, Status, and Order -- Classicism -- Claude Lorrain (Gellée) (1600/05-1682) -- Clergy -- Protestant Clergy -- Roman Catholic Clergy -- Russian Orthodox Clergy -- Clocks and Watches -- Clothing -- Clouet, Franc̦ois (c. 1515/20-1572) -- Cobos, Francisco De Los (c. 1477-1547) -- Coins and Medals -- Colbert, Jean-Baptiste (1619-1683) -- Coligny Family.
v. 2. Cologne -- Colonialism -- Columbus, Christopher -- Comenius, Jan Amos -- Commedia Dell'arte -- Commerce and Markets -- Communication, Scientific -- Communication and Transportation -- Comuneros Revolt (1520-1521) -- Concubinage -- Condé Family -- Condorcet, Marie-Jean Caritat, Marquis de (Full Name Marie Jean-Antoine Nicolas de Caritat; 1743-1794) -- Confraternities -- Constantinople -- Constitutionalism -- Consumption -- Conversos -- Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473-1543) -- Cornaro Piscopia, Elena Lucrezia (1646-1684) -- Corneille, Pierre (1606-1684) -- Correggio (Antonio Allegri; 1489/94-1534) -- Corsica -- Cortés, Hernán (c. 1485-1547) -- Cosmology -- Cossacks -- Coulomb, Charles-Augustin De (1736-1806) -- Court and Courtiers -- Cracow (Polish, Kraków; German, Krakau) -- Cranach Family -- Crime and Punishment -- Crisis of the Seventeenth Century -- Cromwell, Oliver (1599-1658) -- Cromwell, Thomas (c. 1485-1540) -- Cullen, William (1710-1790) -- Czech Literature and Language -- Daily Life -- Dance -- Dashkova, Princess Catherine (1743-1810) -- David, Jacques-Louis (1748-1825) -- Death and Dying -- Decorative Arts -- Dee, John (1527-1609) -- Defoe, Daniel (1660-1731) -- Deism -- Democracy -- Denmark -- Descartes, Ren (1596-1650) -- Design -- Determinism -- Devolution, War of (1667-1668) -- Diamond Necklace, Affair of the -- Diaries -- Dictionaries and Encyclopedias -- Diderot, Deni (1713-1784) -- Dientzenhofer Family -- Diplomacy -- Dissemination of Knowledge -- Dissenters, English -- Divine Right Kingship -- Divorce -- Donne, John (1572-1631) -- Dort, Synod of -- Drama -- Drama: English -- Drama: German -- Drama: Italian -- Drama: Spanish and Portuguese -- Dresden -- Dryden, John (1631-1700) -- Dublin -- Duel -- Duma -- Dürer, Albrecht (1471-1528) -- Dutch Colonies -- Dutch Colonies: The Americas -- Dutch Colonies: The East Indies -- Dutch Literature and Language -- Dutch Republic -- Dutch Revolt (1568-1648) -- Dutch War (1672-1678) -- Early Modern Period: Art Historical Interpretations -- Earth, Theories of the -- Éboli, Ruy Gómez De Silva, Prince of (c. 1516-1573) -- Economic Crises -- Edinburgh -- Education -- Edward VI (England) (1537-1553; Ruled 1547-1553) -- El Greco (Doménikos Theotokópoulos; 1541-1614) -- Elizabeth I (England) (1533-1603; Ruled 1558-1603) -- Elizabeth (Russia) (1709-1762; Ruled 1741-1762) -- Empiricism -- Enclosure -- Encyclopédie -- Engineering -- Engineering: Civil -- Engineering: Military -- England -- English Civil War and Interregnum -- English Civil War Radicalism -- English Literature and Language -- Enlightened Despotism -- Enlightenment -- Ensenada, Cenón De Somodevilla, Marquesdéla -- Enthusiasm -- Environment -- Epistemology -- Equality and Inequality -- Erasmus, Desiderius -- Espionage -- Estates and Country Houses -- Estates-General, French -- Estates-General, 1614 -- Estates-General, 1789 -- Ethnography -- Euler, Leonhard (1707-1783) -- Europe and the World -- Exclusion Crisis -- Exploration -- False Dmitrii, First (1582?-1606?; Ruled 1605-1606) -- Family -- Farnese, Isabel (Spain) (1692-1766) -- Febronianism -- Feminism -- Fénelon, François (François de Salignac de la Mothe Fénelon, 1651-1715) -- Ferdinand I (Holy Roman Empire) (1503-1564) -- Ferdinand II (Holy Roman Empire) (1578-1637; Holy Roman Emperor 1619-1637; king of Bohemia 1617-1619 and 1620-1627; king of Hungary 1618-1625) -- Ferdinand III (Holy Roman Empire) (1608-1657; Ruled 1637-1657) -- Ferdinand VI (Spain) (1713-1759; Ruled 1746-1759) -- Ferdinand of Aragón (1452-1516) -- Festivals -- Feudalism -- Fielding, Henry -- Firearms -- Fischer Von Erlach, Johann Bernhard -- Florence -- Florence, Art in -- Floridablanca, José Moñino, Count of (1728-1808) -- Folk Tales and Fairy Tales -- Fontainebleau, School of -- Food and Drink -- Food Riots -- Forests and Woodlands -- Forgeries, Copies, and Casts -- Fragonard, Jean-Honoré (1732-1806) -- France -- France, Architecture in -- France, Art in -- Francis I (France) (1494-1547; Ruled 1515-1547) -- Francis II (Holy Roman Empire) (1768-1835; Ruled 1792-1806) -- Franck, Sebastina (c. 1499-1542) -- François De Sales (1567-1622) -- Frankfurt Am Main -- Frederick III (Holy Roman Empire) (1415-1493; Ruled 1440-1493) -- Frederick I (Prussia) (1657-1713; Ruled 1688-1713) -- Frederick II (Prussia) (1712-1786; Ruled 1740-1786) -- Frederick William (Brandenburg) (1620-1688; Ruled 1640-1688) -- Frederick William I (Prussia) (1688-1740; Ruled 1713-1740) -- Frederick William II (Prussia) (1744-1797; Ruled 1786-1797) -- Free and Imperial Cities -- Free Will -- Freemasonry -- French Colonies -- French Colonies: The Caribbean -- French Colonies: India -- French Colonies: North America -- French Literature and Language -- Fronde -- Fugger Family -- Fur Trade -- Fur Trade: North America -- Fur Trade: Russia.
v. 3. Gabrieli, Andrea and Giovanni (Andrea Gabrieli, c. 1532/33-1585; Giovanni Gabrieli, c. 1554/57-1612) -- Gainsborough, Thomas (1727-1788) -- Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) -- Galleys -- Gallicanism -- Gama, Vasco da (c. 1469-1524) -- Gambling -- Games and Play -- Gardens and Parks -- Gassendi, Pierre (1592-1655) -- Gattinara, Mercurino (1465-1530) -- Gdańsk (German, Danzig) -- Gender -- Geneva -- Genoa -- Gentileschi, Artemisia (1593-c. 1654) -- Gentleman -- Geoffrin, Marie-Thérèse (Marie-Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin; 1699-1777) -- Geology -- George I (Great Britain) (1660-1727; Ruled 1714-1727) -- George II (Great Britain) (1683-1760; Ruled 1727-1760) -- George III (Great Britain) (1738-1820; Ruled 1760-1820) -- German Literature and Language -- Germany, Idea of -- Gessner, Conrad (Also Konrad Gesner, 1516-1565) -- Ghetto -- Giambologna (Giovanni da Bologna; 1529-1608) -- Giannone, Pietro (1676-1748) -- Gibbon, Edward (1737-1794) -- Gilbert, William (1544-1603) -- Giorgione (Giorgo da Castelfranco; 1477-1510) -- Glisson, Francis (1598 or 1599-1677) -- Glorious Revolution (Britain) -- Gluck, Christoph Willibald von (1714-1787) -- Goa -- Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832; Elevated to the Nobility as von Goethe in 1782) -- Goldoni, Carlo (1707-1793) -- Góngora y Argote, Luis de (1561-1627) -- Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (1746-1828) -- Granada -- Grand Tour -- Graunt, John (1620-1674) -- Greece -- Greuze, Jean-Baptiste (1725-1805) -- Grimm, Friedrich Melchior Von (1723-1807) -- Grimmelshausen, H. J. C. von (Johann [Hans] Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen; 1622?-1676) -- Grotius, Hugo (Huigh de Groot; 1583-1645) -- Guicciardini, Francesco (1483-1540) -- Guilds -- Guise Family -- Gustavus II Adolphus (Sweden) (1594-1632; Ruled 1611-1632) -- Gutenberg, Johannes (Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden; C. 1400-1468) -- Habsburg Dynasty -- Habsburg Dynasty: Austria -- Habsburg Dynasty: Spain -- Habsburg Territories -- Habsburg-Valois Wars -- Hagiography -- Haller, Albrecht von (1708-1777) -- Hals, Frans (c. 1581/85-1666) -- Hamburg -- Handel, George Frideric (1685-1759) -- Hanover -- Hanoverian Dynasty (Great Britain) -- Hansa -- Harem -- Harley, Robert (1661-1724) -- Harrington, James (1611-1677) -- Hartlib, Samuel (Samuel Hartlieb; c. 1600-1662) -- Harvey, William (1578-1657) -- Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment) -- Hastings, Warren (1732-1818) -- Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809) -- Helmont, Jean Baptiste van (1579-1644; also Known as Johannes von Helmont) -- Helvétius, Claude-Adrien (1715-1771) -- Henry VII (England) (1457-1509; Ruled 1485-1509) -- Henry VIII (England) (1491-1547; Ruled 1509-1547) -- Henry II (France) (1519-1559; Ruled 1547-1559) -- Henry III (France) (1551-1589) -- Henry IV (France) (1553-1610; Ruled 1589-1610) -- Heraldry -- Herder, Johann Gottfried von (1744-1803) -- Hermeticism -- Hesse, Landgraviate of -- Hetmanate (Ukraine) -- Historiography -- Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679) -- Hogarth, William (1697-1764) -- Hohenzollern Dynasty -- Holbach, Paul Thiry, baron d' (1723-1789) -- Holbein, Hans, the Younger (1497/98-1543) -- Holy Leagues -- Holy Roman Empire -- Holy Roman Empire Institutions -- Homosexuality -- Honor -- Hooke, Robert (1635-1703) -- Hooker, Richard (1553 or 1554-1600) -- Hospitals -- Housing -- Huguenots -- Humanists and Humanism -- Hume, David (1711-1776) -- Humor -- Hungarian Literature and Language -- Hungary -- Hunting -- Hussites -- Huygens Family -- Hymns -- Idealism -- Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) -- Imperial Expansion, Russia -- Index of Prohibited Books -- Industrial Revolution -- Industry -- Inflation -- Inheritance and Wills -- Inquisition -- Inquisition, Roman -- Inquisition, Spanish -- Insurance -- Intendants -- Interest -- Ireland -- Isabel Clara Eugenia and Albert of Habsburg (Isabel Clara Eugenia, 1566-1633; Albert of Habsburg, 1559-1621) -- Isabella of Castile (1451-1504) -- Islam in the Ottoman Empire -- Islands -- Italian Literature and Language -- Italian Wars (1494-1559) -- Italy -- Ivan III (Muscovy) (1440-1505; Ruled 1462-1505) -- Ivan IV, "The Terrible" (Russia) (1530-1584; Ruled 1533-1584) -- Jacobitism -- Jadwiga (Poland) (Hungarian: Hedvig; German: Hedwig; c. 1374-1399; Ruled 1384-1399) -- Jagiellon Dynasty (Poland-Lithuania) -- James I and VI (England and Scotland) (1566-1625) -- James II (England) (1733-1701; Ruled 1685-1688) -- Janissary -- Jansenism -- Jenkins' Ear, War of (1739-1742) -- Jesuits -- Jewelry -- Jews, Attitudes Toward -- Jews, Expulsion of (Spain; Portugal) -- Jews and Judaism -- Joanna I, "the Mad" (Spain) (1479-1555) -- Johnson, Samuel (1709-1784) -- Jones, Inigo (1573-1652) -- Jonson, Ben (1572-1637) -- Joseph I (Holy Roman Empire) (1678-1711; Ruled 1705-1711) -- Joseph II (Holy Roman Empire) (1741-1790; Ruled 1765-1790) -- Josephinism -- Journalism, Newspapers, and Newssheets -- Journals, Literary -- Juan de Austria, Don (1547-1578) -- Jülich-Cleves-Berg -- Julius II (Pope) (Giuliano Della Rovere; 1443-1513; Reigned 1503-1513) -- Kalmar, Union of -- Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804) -- Kauffmann, Angelica (1741-1807) -- Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630) -- Khmelnytsky, Bohdan (c. 1595-1657) -- Khmelnytsky Uprising -- Kiev (Ukrainian, Kyiv; Polish, Kijów) -- Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680) -- Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb (1724-1803) -- Knox, John (c. 1513-1572) -- Kochanowski, Jan (1530-1584) -- Kołłątaj, Hugo (1750-1812) -- La Bruyère, Jean de (1645-1696) -- La Fayette, Marie-Madeleine de (Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, Countess of la Fayette; 1634-1693) -- La Fontaine, Jean de (1621-1695) -- La Mettrie, Julien Offroy de (1709-1751) -- La Rochefoucauld, François, duc de (1613-1680) -- La Rochelle -- Laborers -- Laclos, Pierre Ambroise Choderlos de (1741-1803) -- Lagrange, Joseph-Louis (1736-1813) -- Landholding -- Las Casas, Bartolomé de (1474-1566) -- Lasso, Orlando di (c. 1532-1594) -- Late Middle Ages -- Latin -- Laud, William (1573-1645) -- Lavoisier, Antoine (Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier; 1743-1794) -- Law -- Canon Law -- Common Law -- Courts -- International Law -- Lawyers -- Roman Law -- Russian Law -- Law's System -- Le Brun, Charles (1619-1690) -- League of Augsburg, War of the (1688-1697) -- Ledoux, Claude-Nicolas (1736-1806) -- Leeuwenhoek, Antoni van (1632-1723) -- Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716) -- Leipzig -- Leo X (Pope) (1475-1521; Reigned 1513-1521) -- Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) -- Leopold I (Holy Roman Empire) (1640-1705; King of Hungary and of Bohemia from 1655; Holy Roman Emperor from 1658) -- Lepanto, Battle of -- Lerma, Francisco Gómez de Sandoval y Rojas, 1st Duke of -- Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim -- Lettre de Cachet -- Levant -- Leyden, Jan van -- L'Hôpital, Michel De -- Liberalism, Economic -- Liberty -- Libraries -- Lima -- Linnaeus, Carl (Carl von Linné; 1707-1778; Ennobled 1761) -- Lipsius, Justus (Joest Lips; 1547-1606) -- Lisbon -- Literacy and Reading -- Lithuania, Grand Duchy of, to 1569 -- Lithuanian Literature and Language -- Livonian War (1558-1583) -- Locke, John (1632-1704) -- Logic -- London -- Lorraine, Duchy of -- Lottery -- Louis XII (France) (Born 1462-1515; Ruled 1498-1515) -- Louis XIII (France) (1601-1643; Ruled 1610-1643) -- Louis XIV (France) (1638-1715; Ruled 1643-1715) -- Louis XV (France) (1710-1774; Ruled 1715-1774) -- Louis XVI (France) (1754-1793; Ruled 1774-1792) -- Louvois, François Le Tellier, Marquis de (1641-1691) -- Lübeck -- Lublin, Union of (1569) -- Lully, Jean-Baptiste (1632-1687) -- Luther, Martin (1483-1546) -- Lutheranism -- Lviv (Polish, Lwów; German, Lemberg; Russian, Lvov; Latin, Leopolis) -- Lyon.
v. 4. Macau -- Machiavelli, Niccolò (1469-1527) -- Madness and Melancholy -- Madrid -- Magellan, Ferdinand (Fernão Magalhães; c. 1480-1521) -- Magic -- Malpighi, Marcello (1628-1694) -- Mandeville, Bernard (1670-1733) -- Manila -- Mannerism -- Mansart, François (1598-1666) -- Mantua -- Mantuan Succession, War of the (1627-1631) -- Marburg, Colloquy of -- Marguerite De Navarre (Marguerite D'Angoulême, Marguerite de Valois; 1492-1549) -- Maria Theresa (Holy Roman Empire) (Maria Theresa; 1717-1780; Ruled 1740-1780) -- Mariana, Juan de (?1535/1536-1624) -- Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) -- Marie de L'Incarnation (1599-1672) -- Marie de Médicis (1573-1642) -- Marillac, Michel de (1560-1632) -- Marlowe, Christopher (1564-1593) -- Marriage -- Marseille -- Martyrs and Martyrology -- Marvels and Wonders -- Mary I (England) (1516-1558; Ruled 1553-1558) -- Mathematics -- Matter, Theories of -- Matthias (Holy Roman Empire) (1557-1619; Ruled 1612-1619) -- Maulbertsch, Franz Anton (1724-1796) -- Maximilian I (Holy Roman Empire) (1459-1519; Ruled 1493-1519) -- Maximilian II (Holy Roman Empire) (1527-1576; Ruled 1564-1576) -- Mazarin, Jules (Giulio Mazarini; 1602-1661) -- Mazepa, Ivan (c. 1639-1709; Ruled 1687-1709) -- Mechanism -- Medici Family -- Medicine -- Medina Sidonia, Alonso Pérez De Guzmán, 7th Duke of (1549-1615) -- Mediterranean Basin -- Mehmed II (Ottoman Empire) (1432-1481; Ruled 1444-1446 and 1451-1481) -- Melanchthon, Philipp (Philipp Schwarzerdt; 1497-1560) -- Mendelssohn, Moses (Moshe Ben Mendel Mi-Dessau; 1729-1786) -- Mengs, Anton Raphael (1728-1779) -- Mercantilism -- Mercenaries -- Merian, Maria Sibylla (1647-1717) -- Mersenne, Marin (1588-1648) -- Mesmer, Franz Anton (1734-1815) -- Messianism, Jewish -- Methodism -- Mexico City -- Michael Romanov (Russia) (1596-1645; Ruled 1613-1645) -- Michelangelo Buonarroti (Born Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, 1475-1564) -- Midwives -- Milan -- Military -- Armies: Recruitment, Organization, and Social Composition -- Battle Tactics and Campaign Strategy -- Early Modern Military Theory -- Historiography -- Milton, John (1608-1674) -- Miracles -- Missions, Parish -- Missions and Missionaries -- Asia -- Spanish America -- Mobility, Geographic -- Mobility, Social -- Mohyla, Peter (Romanian, Petru Movilă; 1596-1646) -- Molière (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin; 1622-1673) -- Monarchy -- Money and Coinage -- Central and Eastern Europe -- Western Europe -- Monopoly -- Montaigne, Michel De (1533-1592) -- Montesquieu, Charles-Louis De Secondat De (1689-1755) -- Monteverdi, Claudio (1567-1642) -- Moral Philosophy and Ethics -- Moravian Brethren -- More, Henry (1614-1687) -- More, Thomas (1478-1535) -- Moriscos -- Moriscos, Expulsion of (Spain) -- Morozova, Boiarynia (1632-1675) -- Moscow -- Motherhood and Childbearing -- Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791) -- Munich -- Münster -- Muratori, Ludovicoantonio (1672-1750) -- Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban (1617-1682) -- Museums -- Music -- Music Criticism -- Nantes, Edict of -- Naples, Art in -- Naples, Kingdom of -- Naples, Revolt of (1647) -- Nasi Family -- National Identity -- Natural History -- Natural Law -- Nature -- Navigation Acts -- Navy -- Neoclassicism -- Neoplatonism -- Nepotism -- Netherlands, Art in the -- Art in the Netherlands, 1500-1585 -- Art in Flanders, 1585-1700 -- Art in the Northern Netherlands, 1585-1700 -- Netherlands, Southern -- Neumann, Balthasar (1687-1753) -- New York -- Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) -- Nikon, Patriarch (Nikita Minin, 1605-1681) -- Noble Savage -- Northern Wars -- Novalis (Friedrich Leopold von Hardenberg; 1772-1802) -- Novikov, Nikolai Ivanovich (1744-1818) -- Nuremberg -- Obstetrics and Gynecology -- Occult Philosophy -- Odalisque -- Officeholding -- Old Age -- Old Believers -- Oldenbarneveldt, Johan Van (1547-1619) -- Oldenburg, Henry (c. 1618-1677) -- Olivares, Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, count of (1587-1645) -- Opera -- Oprichnina -- Optics -- Orphans and Foundlings -- Orthodoxy, Greek -- Orthodoxy, Russian -- Ottoman Dynasty -- Ottoman Empire -- Oxenstierna, Axel (1583-1654) -- Pacific Ocean -- Pacifism -- Painting -- Palatinate -- Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da (1526-1594) -- Palladio, Andrea, and Palladianism -- Papacy and Papal States -- Paracelsus (1493/94-1541) -- Paris -- Parlements -- Parliament -- Parma -- Parma, Alexander Farnese, duke of (1545-1592) -- Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662) -- Passarowitz, Peace of (1718) -- Passions -- Pastel -- Patiño y Morales, José (1666-1736) -- Patriarchy and Paternalism -- Patriot Revolution -- Patronage -- Paul I (Russia) (1754-1801; Ruled 1796-1801) -- Paul III (Pope) (Alessandro Farnese; 1468-1549; Reigned 1534-1549) -- Paul V (Pope) (Camillo Borghese; 1552-1621; Reigned 1605-1621) -- Pawning -- Peasantry -- Peasants' War, German -- Peiresc, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de (1580-1635) -- Pepys, Samuel (1633-1703) -- Perrault, Charles (1628-1703) -- Persecution -- Peter I (Russia) (1672-1725; Ruled 1682-1725) -- Petty, William (1623-1687) -- Philadelphia -- Philip II (Spain) (1527-1598; Ruled 1556-1598) -- Philip III (Spain) (1578-1621; Ruled 1598-1621) -- Philip IV (Spain) (1605-1665) -- Philip V (Spain) (1683-1746; Ruled 1700-1724, 1724-1746) -- Philosophes -- Philosophy -- Physics -- Physiocrats and Physiocracy -- Picturesque -- Pietism -- Pilon, Germain (1525/1527?-1590) -- Piracy -- Piranesi, Giovanni Battista (1720-1778) -- Pitt, William the Elder and William the Younger (1708-1778; 1759-1806) -- Pius IV (Pope) (Giovanni Angelo de' Medici; 1499-1565; Reigned 1559-1565) -- Pius V (Pope) (Antonio Ghislieri; 1504-1572; Reigned 1566-1572) -- Pizarro Brothers -- Plague -- Poisons, Affair of the -- Poissy, Colloquy of -- Poland, Partitions of -- Poland to 1569 -- Poland-Lithuania, Commonwealth of, 1569-1795 -- Police -- Polish Literature and Language -- Polish Succession, War of the (1733-1738) -- Political Parties in England -- Political Philosophy -- Political Secularization -- Pompadour, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson (1721-1764) -- Pompeii and Herculaneum -- Poniatowski, Stanisław II Augustus (1732-1798; Ruled 1764-1795) -- Pope, Alexander (1688-1744).
v. 5. Popular Culture -- Popular Protest and Rebellions -- Pornography -- Porte -- Portrait Miniatures -- Portugal -- Portuguese Colonies -- Africa -- Brazil -- The Indian Ocean and Asia -- Madeira and the Azores -- Portuguese Literature and Language -- Postal Systems -- Potosí -- Poussin, Nicolas (1594-1665) -- Poverty -- Prague -- Prague, Defenestration of -- Preaching and Sermons -- Prévost D'exiles, Antoine-François (1697-1763) -- Priestley, Joseph (1733-1804) -- Printing and Publishing -- Prints and Popular Imagery -- Early Popular Imagery -- Later Prints and Printmaking -- Progress -- Prokopovich, Feofan (1681-1736) -- Property -- Prophecy -- Prostitution -- Proto-Industry -- Providence -- Provincial Government -- Prussia -- Psychology -- Public Health -- Public Opinion -- Pugachev Revolt (1773-1775) -- Purcell, Henry (1659-1695) -- Puritanism -- Pyrenees, Peace of the (1659) -- Quakers -- Queens and Empresses -- Quietism -- Rabelais, François (c. 1483-1553) -- Race, Theories of -- Racine-Rome -- Racine, Jean (1639-1699) -- Rákóczi Revolt -- Rameau, Jean-Philippe (1683-1764) -- Ramus, Petrus (1515-1572) -- Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio; 1483-1520) -- Ray, John (or Wray, 1627-1705) -- Razin, Stepan (known as Stenka; 1630?-1671) -- Reason -- Reformation, Catholic -- Reformation, Protestant -- Reformations in Eastern Europe: Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox -- Refugees, Exiles, and Émigrés -- Regency -- Religious Orders -- Religious Piety -- Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) -- Renaissance -- Rentiers -- Representative Institutions -- Republic of Letters -- Republicanism -- Resistance, Theory of -- Restoration, Portuguese War of (1640-1668) -- Revolutions, Age of -- Reynolds, Joshua (1723-1792) -- Rhetoric -- Richardson, Samuel (1689-1761) -- Richelieu, Armand-Jean Du Plessis, Cardinal (1585-1642) -- Rights, Natural -- Ritual, Civic and Royal -- Ritual, Religious -- Robertson, William (1721-1793) -- Rococo -- Roma (Gypsies) -- Romania -- Romanov Dynasty (Russia) -- Romanticism -- Rome -- Rome, Architecture in -- Rome, Art in -- Rome-Seminary -- Rome, Sack of -- Rosicrucianism -- Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778) -- Rubens, Peter Paul (1577-1640) -- Rudolf II (Holy Roman Empire) (1552-1612; Ruled 1576-1612) -- Russia -- Russia, Architecture in -- Russia, Art in -- Russian Literature and Language -- Russo-Ottoman Wars (1710-1711; 1736-1739; 1768-1774; 1787-1792) -- Russo-Polish Wars -- Ruysch, Rachel (1664-1750) -- Sade, Donatien-Alphonse-François de (1740-1814) -- St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre -- St. Petersburg -- Saint-Simon, Louis De Rouvroy (1675-1755) -- Salamanca, School of -- Salons -- Salzburg Expulsion -- Sanitation -- Santa Cruz, Álvaro De Bazán, First Marquis of (1526-1588) -- Sarmatism -- Sarpi, Paolo (Pietro) (1552-1623) -- Savoy, Duchy of -- Saxony -- Scarlatti, Domenico and Alessandro (Pietro) Alessandro (1660-1725) and (Giuseppe) Domenico (1685-1757) -- Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich Von (1759-1805) -- Schmalkaldic War (1546-1547) -- Scholasticism -- Schütz, Heinrich (1585-1672) -- Scientific Illustration -- Scientific Instruments -- Scientific Method -- Scientific Revolution -- Scotland -- Scudéry, Madeleine De (1607-1701) -- Sculpture -- Sea Beggars -- Secrets, Books of -- Seminary -- Sensibility-Spenser -- Sensibility -- Sepúlveda, Juan Ginés De (1490?-1574) -- Serbia -- Serfdom -- Serfdom in East Central Europe -- Serfdom in Russia -- Servants -- Seven Years' War (1756-1763) -- Sévigné, Marie de -- Seville -- Sexual Difference, Theories of -- Sexuality and Sexual Behavior -- Shabbetai Tzevi (also Sabbatai Sevi, Zevi, or Zebi, 1626-1676) -- Shakespeare, William (1564-1616) -- Sheridan, Richard Brinsley (1751-1816) -- Shipbuilding and Navigation -- Shipping -- Shops and Shopkeeping -- Sidney, Philip (1554-1586) -- Sigismund II Augustus (Poland, Lithuania) (1520-1572; ruled 1530-1572) -- Silesia -- Sinan (Sinan bin Abdulmennan, c. 1489-1588) -- Sixtus V (Pope) (b. 1520, reigned 1585-1590) -- Skepticism: Academic and Pyrrhonian -- Slavery and the Slave Trade -- Sleidanus, Johannes (Johannes Philippi; 1506-1556) -- Smith, Adam (1723-1790) -- Smollett, Tobias (1721-1771) -- Smotrytskyi, Meletii (c. 1577-1633) -- Smyrna (İzmir) -- Sofiia Alekseevna (1657-1704; Ruled 1682-1689) -- Songs, Popular -- Sovereignty, Theory of -- Spain -- Spain, Art in -- Spanish Colonies -- Africa and the Canary Islands -- The Caribbean -- Mexico -- Other American Colonies -- Peru -- The Philippines -- Spanish Literature and Language -- Spanish Succession, War of the (1701-1714) -- Spas and Resorts -- Spenser, Edmund (1552 or 1553-1599) -- Spinoza-Color -- Spinoza, Baruch (Benedictus de Spinoza; 1632-1677) -- Sports -- Sprat, Thomas (1635-1713) -- Star Chamber -- State and Bureaucracy -- Statistics -- Steele, Richard (1672-1729) -- Steno, Nicolaus (Niels Stensen; 1638-1686) -- Stephen Báthory (1533-1586; ruled 1576-1586) -- Sterne, Laurence (1713-1768) -- Stock Exchanges -- Stockholm -- Stoicism -- Strasbourg -- Strikes -- Stuart Dynasty (England and Scotland) -- Sublime, Idea of the -- Sugar -- Suicide -- Suleiman I (1494/95-1566; Ruled 1520-1566) -- Sultan -- Sumptuary Laws -- Surgeons -- Surveying -- Sweden -- Swedenborgianism -- Swedish Literature and Language -- Swift, Jonathan (1667-1745) -- Switzerland.
v. 6. Tasso-Vagrants -- Tasso, Torquato (1544-1595) -- Taxation -- Technology -- Teresa of Ávila (1515-1582) -- Teutonic Knights -- Textile Industry -- Theology -- Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) -- Thomasius, Tserclaes of (1559-1632) -- Time, Measurement of -- Time of Troubles (Russia) -- Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti; c. 1518-1594) -- Titian (Tiziano Vecelli; 1488/1490-1576) -- Tobacco -- Toledo -- Toleration -- Topkapi Palace -- Torture -- Tournament -- Trading Companies -- Travel and Travel Literature -- Trent, Council of -- Triangular Trade Pattern -- Tudor Dynasty (England) -- Tulip Era (Ottoman Empire) -- Tulips -- Turkish Literature and Language -- Tyranny, Theory of -- Ukraine -- Ukrainian Literature and Language -- Uniates -- Union of Brest (1596) -- Universities -- Urban VIII (Pope) (Maffeo Barberini; 1568-1644; reigned 1623-1644) -- Utopia -- Utrecht, Peace of (1713) -- Vagrants and Beggars -- Valois-Weights -- Valois Dynasty (France) -- Van Dyck, Anthony (1599-1641) -- Vasa Dynasty (Sweden) -- Vasari, Giorgio (1511-1574) -- Vasilii III (Muscovy) (1479-1533; ruled 1505-1533) -- Vaughan, Thomas (Eugenius Philalethes; 1622-1666) -- Veduta (View Painting) -- Vega, Lope de (1562-1635) -- Velázquez, Diego (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez; 1599-1660) -- Venice -- Venice, Architecture in -- Venice, Art in -- Vermeer, Jan (or Johannes, 1632-1675) -- Veronese (Paolocaliari)(1528-1588) -- Versailles -- Vesalius, Andreas (1514-1564) -- Vico, Giovanni Battista (Giambattista Vico; 1668-1744) -- Victoria, Tomás Luis de (1548-1611) -- Vienna -- Vienna, Sieges of -- Viète, François (1540-1603) -- Vigée-Lebrun, Elisabeth (1755-1842) -- Villages -- Vilnius -- Vincent de Paul (1581-1660) -- Violence -- Virtue -- Vivaldi, Antonio (1678-1741) -- Vives, Juan Luis (1492-1540) -- Vizier -- Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet; 1694-1778) -- Vouet, Simon (1590-1649) -- Wages -- Wallenstein, A. W. E. von (Originally Waldstein; 1583-1634) -- Walpole, Horace (1717-1797) -- Wars of Religion, French -- Warsaw -- Watteau, Antoine (Born Jean-Antoine; 1689-1721) -- Weather and Climate -- Weights and Measures -- Wesley-Zwingli -- Wesley Family -- Westphalia, Peace of (1648) -- Widows and Widowhood -- Wieland, Christoph Martin (1733-1813) -- Wilkins, John (1614-1672) -- William and Mary (William III, 1650-1702; Ruled 1689-1702) -- William of Orange (1533-1584) -- Winckelmann, Johann Joachim (1717-1768) -- Witchcraft -- Witt, Johan and Cornelis de (Johan 1625-1672; Cornelis 1623-1672) -- Wittelsbach Dynasty (Bavaria) -- Władysław Ii Jagiełł (Poland) (Lithuanian: Jogaila; c. 1351-1434) -- Wolff, Christian (1679-1754) -- Women -- Women and Art -- Wren, Christopher (1632-1723) -- Württemberg, Duchy of -- Youth -- Zinzendorf, Nikolaus Ludwig von (1700-1760) -- Zoology -- Zurbarán, Francisco De (born Francisco de Zurbarán Márquez [or Salazar]; 1598-1664) -- Zurich -- Zwingli, Huldrych (1484-1531) -- Systematic Outline of Contents -- Directory of Contributors.
摘要
Online version of the 6-volume work, published: New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004.
系统细节
Mode of access: Internet.
附注
GMD: electronic resource.
网址
http://ezproxy.usj.edu/login?url=http://find.galegroup.com/gvrl/infomark.do?type=aboutBook&prodId=GVRL&eisbn=9780684314235&userGroupName=22528&version=1.0
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其它责任者
附加题名
Encyclopedia of the early modern world
Gale virtual reference library.
其他表格:
Europe 1450 to 1789 068431200X (DLC) 2003015680 (OCoLC)52687911
国际标准书号
0684314231 electronic bk. 068431200X
9780684314235 electronic bk.
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