First paperback edition.
xvi, 487 pages : illustrations (some color), color maps ; 28 cm
Henry Louis Gates, Jr., gives us a sumptuously illustrated, landmark book tracing African American history from the arrival of the conquistadors to the election of Barack Obama. Informed by the latest, sometimes provocative scholarship, and including more than eight hundred images--ancient maps, art, documents, photographs, cartoons, posters--Life Upon These Shores focuses on defining events, debates, and controversies, as well as the achievements of people famous and obscure. Gates takes us from the sixteenth century through the ordeal of slavery, from the Civil War and Reconstruction through the Jim Crow era and the Great Migration; from the civil rights and black nationalist movements through the age of hip-hop on to the Joshua generation. By documenting and illuminating the sheer diversity of African American involvement in American history, society, politics, and culture, Gates bracingly disabuses us of the presumption of a single "Black Experience." Life Upon These Shores is a book of major importance, a breathtaking tour de force of the historical imagination.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 443-455) and index.
pt. 1. Origins, 1513-1760 : African slaves, African conquistadors ; Origins of North American slavery ; From red to black slavery ; First Africans and the growth of northern slavery ; Royal African Company ; Early misgivings ; Fear and resistance ; Inoculation ; Fort Mose: a different trajectory -- pt. 2. Forging freedom, 1760-1804 : First blooms ; Crispus Attucks and the freedom struggle ; Colored patriots ; The king's freedom ; Declaring independence ; Unleashing freedom ; Freedom, technology, and king cotton ; Establishing freedom ; Creating a black Atlantic ; Toussaint! -- pt. 3. "It shall ever be our duty to vindicate our brethren," 1800-1834 : Tracing the trade ; End of the slave trade in Britain and the United States, 1807 and 1808 ; Serving freedom in the War of 1812 ; Yarrow Mamout by Charles Willson Peale and the rise of a people ; Colonization and Liberia ; "A fire bell in the night" ; Freedom's Journal and Walker's Appeal ; The Liberator and William Lloyd Garrison ; Nat Turner ; The founding of the American Anti-slavery Society and Maria Stewart ; British emancipation -- pt. 4. Race and resistance, 1834-1850 : Oberlin College ; Magician and ventriloquist ; Julia Chinn ; An uncompromising talent ; Opposing black freedom ; The Amistad and the Creole ; Finding freedom in Massachusetts ; Frederick Douglass ; Crosscurrents of 1848: French abolition and the Pearl ; Rush for gold ; Harriet Tubman, American icon ; The Roberts case and the birth of Jim Crow -- pt. 5. Emergence, 1850-1860 : The new fugitive slave law ; Resisting the Fugitive Slave Law ; Martin R. Delany and Harriet Beecher Stowe ; Institute for Colored Youth ; The black swan ; Clotel ; or, The President's Daughter and Colored Patriots of the American Revolution ; Anthony Burns ; John Mercer Langston and the bar of justice ; Berea College and Wilberforce University ; Dred Scott ; Our Nig -- pt. 6. War and its meaning, 1859-1865 : Harpers Ferry ; "This is a white man's war!" ; Contraband ; The Port Royal experiment ; "An act for the release of certain persons held to service, or labor in the District of Columbia" ; Robert Smalls and the Planter ; President Lincoln and colonization ; First in the field ; Emancipation Proclamation ; Carnival of fury ; The 54th Massachusetts volunteer infantry regiment ; Fort Pillow ; Extraordinary heroism: new market heights ; Defending rights in the midst of war ; Fruit of a bitter harvest: the Thirteenth Amendment -- First black voice in Congress ; Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands ; Freedman's Bank ; The Lincoln assassination.
pt. 7. Reconstructing a nation, 1866-1877 : Formation of the Ku Klux Klan ; Civil Rights Act of 1866 ; Murder in Memphis, 1866 ; Fourteenth Amendment and black citizenship ; Reconstruction and black higher education ; Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution ; African American diplomats ; Hiram Rhodes Revels ; Blanche K. Bruce, Robert Smalls, and African Americans in Congress ; Harvard and Yale, 1870 and 1876 ; Civil Rights Act of 1871: the Ku Klux Klan Act ; The decline of civil rights, 1875-1883 ; Fisk University Jubilee Singers ; Charlotte Ray ; U.S. Supreme Court and the Fourteenth Amendment: the slaughterhouse cases ; The Catholic Healys ; Convict lease ; End of reconstruction and ho for Kansas! -- pt. 8. "There is no Negro problem," 1877-1895 : Black frontierspeople and cowboys ; The inventive Lewis H. Latimer ; Knights of Labor and Colored Farmers' Alliance ; Education and philanthropy in the nineteenth century ; Major league baseball and Jim Crow ; Mississippi plan and black disenfranchisement ; Provident Hospital and Dr. Daniel Dale Williams ; Ida B. Wells-Barnett and lynching ; The World's Columbian Exposition and The Banjo Lesson by Henry Ossawa Tanner ; W.E.B. Du Bois and Harvard University -- pt. 9. New negro, old problem, 1895-1900 : Booker T. Washington at the Atlanta Cotton States Exposition ; Plessy v. Ferguson ; The National Association of Colored Women and the American Negro Academy ; Wilmington, North Carolina, race riot of 1898 ; Buffalo soldiers ; War with Spain and for an empire ; Afro-American Council ; W.E.B. Du Bois: the Paris albums, 1900 ; Photo essay: Sambo art ; Photo essay: The new negro -- pt. 10. The ordeal of Jim Crow, 1900-1917 : George H. White and the ordeal of black politics ; Dinner at the White House ; The music of Johnson, Johnson, and Cole ; Charles W. Chesnutt and James Weldon Johnson ; Paul Laurence Dunbar and In Dahomey ; The Boston Guardian and the Chicago Defender ; The Souls of Black Folk ; Mary McLeod Bethune and African American education ; Niagara movement ; The Atlanta riot, the Brownsville raid, and the reputations of Theodore Roosevelt and Booker T. Washington ; Springfield race riot, the founding of the NAACP, and the beginning of The Crisis ; Madam C.J. Walker ; Matthew Henson ; The founding of the Urban League; the Harlem attack and death of Booker T. Washington ; Emancipation anniversary, Carter G. Woodson, Rosenwald Schools ; Jack Johnson and white America ; Woodrow Wilson and federal segregation -- pt. 11. Renaissance, 1917-1928 : World War I and the great migration ; The Birth of a Nation, NAACP protests, and the founding of the second KKK ; Riots in East St. Louis and Houston; the response of the NAACP, 1917 ; Pan-African Congress ; The red summer, the Tulsa race riot, and more ; Marcus Mosiah Garvey ; Claude McKay and "If we must die" ; Sadie Alexander, Eva Dykes, Georgiana Simpson, and Bessie Coleman ; Harry Pace, Tanner and Fuller at the NYPL, Robeson in The Emperor Jones, Howard University Gallery of Art ; Schomburg Collection and Opportunity ; A. Philip Randolph, The Messenger, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters ; Alain Locke and The New Negro ; Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington ; Paul Robeson -- pt. 12. Growing authority, 1928-1939 : Oscar De Priest and Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. ; Scottsboro and Walter White ; Tuskegee syphilis study ; Etta Moten, Oliver Law, and William Hastie ; The Apollo Theater ; National Negro Congress ; Jesse Owens and Joe Louis ; Zora Neale Hurston, Arna Bontemps, Richard Wright ; Mary McLeod Bethune and the National Council of Negro Women, the National Youth Administration, and the Black Cabinet.
pt. 13. The era of World War II, 1939-1950 : Marian Anderson performs at the Lincoln Memorial ; The March on Washington Movement and Executive Order 8802 ; Moving toward the Double V ; African Americans in the military during World War II -- The Tuskegee Airmen ; World War II-era race riots ; John H. Johnson, Ebony, and Jet -- The Congress of Racial Equality and the journey of reconciliation ; John Hope Franklin ; Jackie Robinson and black baseball ; Executive orders and To Secure These Rights ; The artistry of Gordon Parks -- pt. 14. Foundations of the new civil rights movement, 1950-1963 : Breaking a barrier: Billy Eckstine ; Postwar accomplishments: Alice Coachman, Wesley Brown, Gwendolyn Brooks, and Ralph Bunche ; Brown v. Board of Education and school desegregation ; Invisible Man ; The White Citizens' Council ; Emmett Till ; Rosa Parks and boycotting the buses ; Little Rock and the Civil Rights Act of 1957 ; Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the stabbing of Martin Luther King, Jr. ; A Raisin in the Sun ; Student nonviolent coordinating committee and sit-ins ; Biloxi wade-in, Atlanta kneel-in, Jacksonville violence, University of Georgia riot ; Freedom rides ; Bill Russell and the Boston Celtics ; James Baldwin's Go Tell It on the Mountain -- pt. 15. The movement at high tide, 1963-1968 : Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail" ; March on Washington and the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing ; Live at the Apollo ; LeRoi Jones's Blues People and King's Nobel Peace Prize ; Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner, and Freedom Summer ; War on Poverty, Economic Opportunity Act, Moynihan Report, Robert Weaver, Constance Baker Motley, Thurgood Marshall ; Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965 ; Manchild in the Promised Land and The Autobiography of Malcolm X ; Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam ; James Meredith and Medgar Evers ; Civil rights protests and urban rioting in the north ; Selma, 1965 ; Sammy Younge, Vernon Dahmer, and the march against fear ; "Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee" ; Black Panthers, US, Kwanzaa -- Edward Brooke and Julian Bond ; Loving v. Virginia, 1967 ; Riots, Newark, election of black mayors ; Martin Luther King: Chicago, Vietnam, and assassination ; Civil Rights Act of 1968 -- The Orangeburg Massacre and the Kerner Report ; Poor People's Campaign and Resurrection City ; Tommie Smith and John Carlos at the 1968 Olympics ; pt. 16. Cultural integration, 1969-1979 : Quincy Jones: American national treasure ; Arthur Ashe: a study in bravery ; Chicago Eight, Fred Hampton, Angela Davis ; 1972 Equal Employment Opportunity Act ; Growth of black political power ; Soul Train ; Busing in Boston ; Blacks in the military: Samuel Gravely, Janie Mines, Daniel James ; Alex Haley and Roots ; Black women activists of the 1970s ; The Morehouse School of Medicine and Louis Sullivan ; Birth of hip-hop ; The Bakke case and Affirmative Action -- pt. 17. Achievement, 1980-2008 : African Americans in entertainment and the arts during the 1980s ; Martin Luther King Day ; Thriller and Purple Rain ; Jesse Jackson and Ronald Brown ; Fred Gordon and Barbara Harris ; Spike Lee ; Growing political power, 1989-1991 ; Riots in Howard Beach, Bensonhurst, Virginia Beach, and Los Angeles ; Clarence Thomas ; Air Jordan ; Photo essay: modern Olympians ; Advancement in the sciences ; Giant steps ; The achievements of Carl Lewis and Tiger Woods ; Pulitzer Prize stories: Toni Morrison and George Walker ; Tom Joyner ; Louis Farrakhan and the Million Man March ; Proposition 209 and the Texaco Discrimination Suit ; Thomas Jefferson, Sally Hemings, and DNA ; Abner Louima and Amadou Diallo ; Stellar achievements ; Barack Obama in the U.S. Senate ; Hurricane Katrina ; The 2006 elections ; Barack Obama's presidential campaign.