1 online resource (265 pages)
Acknowledgments; Introduction; 1. Nouns, Articles, and Prepositions, and the Principle of Agreement; 1.1. Nouns, Gender, and the Principle of Agreement; 1.2. Articles; 1.3. Gendered Nouns; 1.4. The Plural of Nouns; 1.5. Prepositions; 1.6. Contraction of Prepositions with Definite Articles; 1.7. The Partitive and Negative Uses of DE; 1.8. The Multiple Meanings of DES; 2. Verbs, Subject Pronouns, and the Present Tense/Present De L'Indicatif; 2.1. Infinitives and Verb Families; 2.2. Subject Pronouns; 2.3. The Present Tense/Présent de l'Indicatif of -ER Verbs.
2.4. Translation of the Present Tense/Présent de l'Indicatif2.5. The Negative Form of the Present Tense; 2.6. T wo Important Irregular Verbs: AVOIR, to Have, and ÊTRE, to Be; 2.7. A Third Irregular Verb: ALLER, to Go; 2.8. Formation of Simple Questions; 2.9. Present Tense/Présent de l'Indicatif of -RE and -IR Verbs; 2.10. Another Important Irregular Verb: FA IRE, to Do, to Make; 3. Adjectives and Adverbs; 3.1. Adjectives; 3.2. Adverbs; 3.3. Comparative and Superlative Forms of Adjectives and Adverbs; 3.4. Translation Passage; 4. Reflexive Verbs.
4.1. Reflexive Pronouns and the Formation of Reflexive Verbs4.2. The Negative Form of Reflexive Verbs; 4.3. Various Ways in Which to Translate Reflexive Verbs; 5. The Imperfect / L'Imparfait; 5.1. Explanation of the Tense; 5.2. Formation of the Imparfait; 5.3. Translations of the Imparfait; 5.4. AVOIR and ÊTRE in the Imparfait; 5.5. The Negative Form of the Imparfait; 5.6. Reflexive Verbs in the Imparfait; 5.7. Translation Passage; 6. Past Participles / Les Participes Passes; 6.1. Formation of Past Participles; 6.2. Past Participles as Adjectives; 6.3. Past Participles as Predicate Adjectives.
7. Le Passe Compose / The Compound Past7.1. Explanation of the Tense; 7.2. Rules Governing the Formation and Translation of the Passe Compose; 7.3. The Passé Composé in the Negative Form; 7.4. AVOIR and ÊTRE in the Passé Composé; 7.5. The Passé Co mpos é Used Together with the Imparfait; 7.6. The Passé Co mpos é with Adverbs; 7.7. Past Participles Used As Predicate Adjectives in the Present Tense Compared with Past Participles Used in the Passé Composé to Form the Past Tense; 7.8. Translation Passage; 8. Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns; 8.1. Recognizing Objects in Transitive Sentences.
8.2. Direct Object Pronouns: Meaning and Placement8.3. LE, LA, and LES As Direct Object Pronouns; 8.4. Direct Object Pronouns in the Passé Composé: Placement and Agreement; 8.5. Indirect Object Pronouns: Meaning and Placement; 8.6. The Partitive Pronoun EN; 8.7. The Pronoun Y; 8.8. The Order of Object Pronouns When There Are More Than One of Them; 8.9. Translation Passage; 9. Additional Forms of the Negative; 9.1. General Pattern; 9.2. Irregularities in Various Forms of the Negative; 9.3. Translation Passage; 10. More Irregular Yet Common Verbs; 10.1. Venir (to come) and Tenir (to hold).
Designed to help readers develop efficient skills for translating French in a short amount of time, this textbook teaches the basics of French grammar, reinforcing its lessons with exercises and key practice translations. A systematic guide, this book is a critical companion for university-level students learning to read and translate written French into English; for graduate scholars learning to do research in French or prepping for proficiency exams; and for any interested readers who want to improve their facility with the French language. In addition, A Short Course in Reading French.
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Print version record.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Print version: Brickman, Celia. A Short Course in Reading French. New York : Columbia University Press, ©2012 9780231156769
9780231527453 (electronic bk.)
0231527454 (electronic bk.)