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Our lady of the nations : apparitions of Mary in twentieth-century Catholic Europe / Chris Maunder.



University of Saint Joseph: Pope Pius XII Library - Standard Shelving Location

232.917 M393MA

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Material Type
Maunder, Chris,
Publication Info.
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2016.


First edition.
xvi, 219 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (chiefly color), portraits ; 24 cm
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Introduction : apparitions of Mary in the twentieth century; Visionary phenomena, visionaries, and shrines; Seeing and hearing the Virgin Mary; The presence of Mary in an alternative history; Structure of this work; Immaculate and sorrowful Mary : apparitions 1830-1917; Catholic Marian apparitions in the nineteenth century; Catholic Marian apparitions in the nineteenth and twentieth Centuries: three templates; The Apparitions at Fátima; Fátima and political change in Portugal; Sister Lúciaś narrative of war and peace; The revelations of Sister Lúcia; `Fátima Í and `Fátima IÍ; Catholic controversy over Fátima; Assessing Fátima; Catholic interpretations; Catholic discernment of apparitions; Church judgements on apparitions; Women as visionaries; The predominance of women and child visionaries; Victim souls and wise women; Women as popular theologians; Children as visionaries; Children and Imaginative play; childrenś spirituality; visions and adolescence; Basque raggle-taggle: Ezkioga; The account of Walter Starkie; Ezkioga and the Spanish Second Republic; Ezkioga and the Catholic Church; The miracle and the chastisement of Ezkioga; Between the wars: the Belgian visionary `Epidemić; Text and context; The apparitions at Beauraing and Banneux; Controversies; Many apparitions in Flanders and Wallonia; The Authentication of Beauraing and Banneux; Non-authenticated apparitions; `When the Gestapo Hounded the Apparitionś: Mary in Nazi Germany; The question of Catholicism and the Third Reich; Marian visions during the Third Reich; Hearts and nations: visionary women as popular theologians; Jeanne-Louise Ramonet of Kerizinen, Brittany; Ida Peerdeman of Amsterdam; Jeanne-Luise Ramonet and Ida Peerdeman as `popular theologianś; The Cold War and the Marian cult; The intensification of the Marian apparition Cult; Post-War Italy; Casanova Staffora: The vocation of Angela Volpini; Post-War Germany; Vatican II: Visionary reactions to change in the Church?; Apparitions and Vatican II; The events at Garabandal; Garabandal and Vatican II; San Damiano and the `Madonna of the roseś; Medjugorje: the Queen of Peace and a Civil War; History, politics, and conflict; The Medjugorje apparitions; Catholic responses to Medjugorje; Episcopal judgement; Clerical support; Priests against Medjugorje; Medjugorje and the Croatian State; The Medjugorje cult; Grottoes, Statues, and visions in Ireland; From moving statues to apparitions; Social interpretations of the visionary phenomena; Clerical perspectives; The Media viewpoint; After the 1980s; The 1980s: Italy, Spain, France, and England.
Our Lady of the Nations is a detailed and scholarly overview of the apparitions of Mary in 20th-century Catholic Europe. Chris Maunder discusses apparitions in general and how they are interpreted in Catholicism by, for example, Karl Rahner and Benedict XVI. The role of women and children as visionaries is considered, including issues concerning changing views of gender, children's spirituality, and the protection of minors. He covers cases that are well known and approved by the Church (Fatima, Beauraing, Banneux, and Amsterdam), others that are well known but not approved (such as Garabandal and Medjugorje), and many that are neither well known nor approved, such as those in Belgian Flanders or Nazi Germany in the 1930s, or in France, Italy, or Germany after the Second World War. Resources include academic studies of particular apparitions, some Catholic theological and devotional literature, and occasionally travel writing. There is also coverage of material in French which is not known to the English reader. Shrines and visionaries are believed to be indicators of the presence of Mary. In the visionary perspective, she has appeared in order to reassure her followers and to warn of divine judgement. Her messages echo doctrinal Catholic Mariology with some innovations, but also express a deep dissatisfaction with the events and trends of the 20th century, from communism to Nazism to liberalism and religious indifference. While the Marian cult evolves according to new templates for apparitions and developments in Mariology, the fundamental message of presence, consolation, and admonition remains constant. -- Provided by publisher.
This work explores the social histories of the twentieth-century Marian apparitions in Europe, looking at the ecclesiastical response, and examining the Mariology that is adopted by the devotees.
Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint -- Apparitions and miracles -- Europe -- History -- 20th century.
Apparitions -- Europe -- 20th century.
Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint.
Chronological Term